Protection of the archeological monument "Mingtepa" in Marxamat district of Andijan region Posted by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic Uzbekistan from December 29, 2018 №1059, in order to study and implement measures for its rational use, employees of the National Archaeological Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic Uzbekistan conduct archaeological research at the archaeological site of Mingtepa in the Markhamat district of the Andijan region.
The monument is located on the eastern border of the modern city of Markhamat, the local people named it Mingtepa because of the many hills. These city ruins are the largest of the ancient monuments of the Fergana Valley. The city consists of three parts: the arc, the inner and outer city. The inner city area is 41 hectares, which is 270 hectares more if the outer city is added to the monument.
It is known that the Chinese chronicles report that in Davan, the ancient Fergana kingdom, there were more than 70 cities and villages. Sources give the names of three of them: Ershi, Yucheng and Guishan. Mingtepa conquers the ruins of the city of A.N. Bernshtam proposed to make Ershi the capital of the kingdom. According to Chinese sources, Ershi-Mingtepa was first located on the eastern side of the valley; secondly, Mingtepa has thick cultural layers from the time of the Chinese invasion (II century BC) and defensive structures (internal and external walls) that are very similar to the walls they are surrounded by; thirdly, no monument of antiquity has yet been found in the majestic and majestic Mingtepachalik valley. Mingtepa, in our opinion, is one of the "big cities" ("dao chen" in Chinese). According to Chinese sources, Davan had two rows of protected cities. The current archeological findings make Mingtepa one of such cities. It should be noted that no Chinese source uses the term "capital" of any other country. The Chinese understood the term Ginshi to mean only the capitals of their countries. The rest of the capitals are called residences. The city plan looks like a parallelogram from the sky, with two rows of majestic defensive structures and towers. In the plan taken in the 50s of the last century, the arch, the inner and outer city are clearly visible, and later many of them were demolished. The entrance to the inner city was through three or four gates, and the main gate was located in the middle of the western defensive wall, between the towers 10-11.
Scientific research in 2021 aims to clarify the dimensions of the defensive wall and watchtowers in the area that is supposed to be the western gate of the monument, and to turn them into a museum to cover them in the future to protect them from rain and snow. In addition, observation trenches are being excavated in the outer part of the monument, in the inner part of the outer wall outside the western wall. The main goal is to get new information about the stratigraphy of the old city, the defense system, the art of handicrafts. The research continues in accordance with the sanitary and hygienic rules ...
Researcher of the National Archaeological Center of the
Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan,
Ph.D., Khoshimov Kh.B.