Leading scientific schools formed in the center:
- History of sedentary farming culture and economy of the peoples of Uzbekistan based on artificial irrigation (academician Ya.G. Gulyamov et al.).
- The culture of agriculture and urban planning in ancient Central Asia (academician AA Askarov et al.).
- Archeology of the Stone Age (academician UI Islamov and others).
- Scientific-restoration school of chemical-technological research of ancient production processes (Ph.D. AA Abdurazzakov and others)